ArangoDB v3.11 is under development and not released yet.

This documentation is not final and potentially incomplete.

ArangoDeploymentReplication Custom Resource

Datacenter-to-Datacenter Replication is only available in the Enterprise Edition.

The ArangoDB Replication Operator creates and maintains ArangoDB arangosync configurations in a Kubernetes cluster, given a replication specification. This replication specification is a CustomResource following a CustomResourceDefinition created by the operator.

Example of a minimal replication definition for two ArangoDB clusters with sync in the same Kubernetes cluster:

apiVersion: "replication.database.arangodb.com/v1"
kind: "ArangoDeploymentReplication"
metadata:
  name: "replication-from-a-to-b"
spec:
  source:
    deploymentName: cluster-a
    auth:
      keyfileSecretName: cluster-a-sync-auth
  destination:
    deploymentName: cluster-b

This definition results in:

  • the arangosync SyncMaster in deployment cluster-b is called to configure a synchronization from the syncmasters in cluster-a to the syncmasters in cluster-b, using the client authentication certificate stored in Secret cluster-a-sync-auth. To access cluster-a, the JWT secret found in the deployment of cluster-a is used. To access cluster-b, the JWT secret found in the deployment of cluster-b is used.

Example replication definition for replicating from a source that is outside the current Kubernetes cluster to a destination that is in the same Kubernetes cluster:

apiVersion: "replication.database.arangodb.com/v1"
kind: "ArangoDeploymentReplication"
metadata:
  name: "replication-from-a-to-b"
spec:
  source:
    masterEndpoint: ["https://163.172.149.229:31888", "https://51.15.225.110:31888", "https://51.15.229.133:31888"]
    auth:
      keyfileSecretName: cluster-a-sync-auth
    tls:
      caSecretName: cluster-a-sync-ca
  destination:
    deploymentName: cluster-b

This definition results in:

  • the arangosync SyncMaster in deployment cluster-b is called to configure a synchronization from the syncmasters located at the given list of endpoint URLs to the syncmasters cluster-b, using the client authentication certificate stored in Secret cluster-a-sync-auth. To access cluster-a, the keyfile (containing a client authentication certificate) is used. To access cluster-b, the JWT secret found in the deployment of cluster-b is used.

DC2DC Replication Example

The requirements for setting up Datacenter-to-Datacenter (DC2DC) Replication are:

  • You need to have two ArangoDB clusters running in two different Kubernetes clusters.
  • Both Kubernetes clusters are equipped with support for Services of type LoadBalancer.
  • You can create (global) DNS names for configured Services with low propagation times. E.g. use Cloudflare.
  • You have 4 DNS names available:
    • One for the database in the source ArangoDB cluster, e.g. src-db.mycompany.com
    • One for the ArangoDB syncmasters in the source ArangoDB cluster, e.g. src-sync.mycompany.com
    • One for the database in the destination ArangoDB cluster, e.g. dst-db.mycompany.com
    • One for the ArangoDB syncmasters in the destination ArangoDB cluster, e.g. dst-sync.mycompany.com

Follow these steps to configure DC2DC replication between two ArangoDB clusters running in Kubernetes:

  1. Enable DC2DC Replication support on the source ArangoDB cluster.

    Set your current Kubernetes context to the Kubernetes source cluster.

    Edit the ArangoDeployment of the source ArangoDB clusters:

    • Set spec.tls.altNames to ["src-db.mycompany.com"] (can include more names / IP addresses)
    • Set spec.sync.enabled to true
    • Set spec.sync.externalAccess.masterEndpoint to ["https://src-sync.mycompany.com:8629"]
    • Set spec.sync.externalAccess.accessPackageSecretNames to ["src-accesspackage"]
  2. Extract the access package from the source ArangoDB cluster.

    kubectl get secret src-accesspackage --template='{{index .data "accessPackage.yaml"}}' | \
      base64 -D > accessPackage.yaml
    
  3. Configure the source DNS names.

    kubectl get service
    

    Find the IP address contained in the LoadBalancer column for the following Services:

    • <deployment-name>-ea Use this IP address for the src-db.mycompany.com DNS name.
    • <deployment-name>-sync Use this IP address for the src-sync.mycompany.com DNS name.

    The process for configuring DNS names is specific to each DNS provider.

    Set your current Kubernetes context to the Kubernetes destination cluster.

    Edit the ArangoDeployment of the source ArangoDB clusters:

    • Set spec.tls.altNames to ["dst-db.mycompany.com"] (can include more names / IP addresses)
    • Set spec.sync.enabled to true
    • Set spec.sync.externalAccess.masterEndpoint to ["https://dst-sync.mycompany.com:8629"]
  4. Enable DC2DC Replication support on the destination ArangoDB cluster.

  5. Import the access package in the destination cluster.

    kubectl apply -f accessPackage.yaml
    

    Note: This imports two Secrets, containing TLS information about the source cluster, into the destination cluster.

  6. Configure the destination DNS names.

    kubectl get service
    

    Find the IP address contained in the LoadBalancer column for the following Services:

    • <deployment-name>-ea Use this IP address for the dst-db.mycompany.com DNS name.
    • <deployment-name>-sync Use this IP address for the dst-sync.mycompany.com DNS name.

    The process for configuring DNS names is specific to each DNS provider.

  7. Create an ArangoDeploymentReplication resource.

    Create a yaml file (e.g. called src-to-dst-repl.yaml) with the following content:

    apiVersion: "replication.database.arangodb.com/v1"
    kind: "ArangoDeploymentReplication"
    metadata:
      name: "replication-src-to-dst"
    spec:
      source:
        masterEndpoint: ["https://src-sync.mycompany.com:8629"]
        auth:
          keyfileSecretName: src-accesspackage-auth
        tls:
          caSecretName: src-accesspackage-ca
      destination:
        deploymentName: <dst-deployment-name>
    
  8. Wait for the DNS names to propagate.

    Wait until the DNS names configured in step 3 and 6 resolve to their configured IP addresses.

    Depending on your DNS provides this can take a few minutes up to 24 hours.

  9. Activate the replication.

    kubectl apply -f src-to-dst-repl.yaml
    

    Replication from the source cluster to the destination cluster will now be configured.

    Check the status of the replication by inspecting the status of the ArangoDeploymentReplication resource using:

    kubectl describe ArangoDeploymentReplication replication-src-to-dst
    

    As soon as the replication is configured, the Add collection button in the Collections page of the web interface (of the destination cluster) will be grayed out.

Specification reference

Below you’ll find all settings of the ArangoDeploymentReplication custom resource.

spec.source.deploymentName: string

This setting specifies the name of an ArangoDeployment resource that runs a cluster with sync enabled.

This cluster configured as the replication source.

spec.source.masterEndpoint: []string

This setting specifies zero or more master endpoint URLs of the source cluster.

Use this setting if the source cluster is not running inside a Kubernetes cluster that is reachable from the Kubernetes cluster the ArangoDeploymentReplication resource is deployed in.

Specifying this setting and spec.source.deploymentName at the same time is not allowed.

spec.source.auth.keyfileSecretName: string

This setting specifies the name of a Secret containing a client authentication certificate called tls.keyfile used to authenticate with the SyncMaster at the specified source.

If spec.source.auth.userSecretName has not been set, the client authentication certificate found in the secret with this name is also used to configure the synchronization and fetch the synchronization status.

This setting is required.

spec.source.auth.userSecretName: string

This setting specifies the name of a Secret containing a username & password used to authenticate with the SyncMaster at the specified source in order to configure synchronization and fetch synchronization status.

The user identified by the username must have write access in the _system database of the source ArangoDB cluster.

spec.source.tls.caSecretName: string

This setting specifies the name of a Secret containing a TLS CA certificate ca.crt used to verify the TLS connection created by the SyncMaster at the specified source.

This setting is required, unless spec.source.deploymentName has been set.

spec.destination.deploymentName: string

This setting specifies the name of an ArangoDeployment resource that runs a cluster with sync enabled.

This cluster configured as the replication destination.

spec.destination.masterEndpoint: []string

This setting specifies zero or more master endpoint URLs of the destination cluster.

Use this setting if the destination cluster is not running inside a Kubernetes cluster that is reachable from the Kubernetes cluster the ArangoDeploymentReplication resource is deployed in.

Specifying this setting and spec.destination.deploymentName at the same time is not allowed.

spec.destination.auth.keyfileSecretName: string

This setting specifies the name of a Secret containing a client authentication certificate called tls.keyfile used to authenticate with the SyncMaster at the specified destination.

If spec.destination.auth.userSecretName has not been set, the client authentication certificate found in the secret with this name is also used to configure the synchronization and fetch the synchronization status.

This setting is required, unless spec.destination.deploymentName or spec.destination.auth.userSecretName has been set.

Specifying this setting and spec.destination.userSecretName at the same time is not allowed.

spec.destination.auth.userSecretName: string

This setting specifies the name of a Secret containing a username & password used to authenticate with the SyncMaster at the specified destination in order to configure synchronization and fetch synchronization status.

The user identified by the username must have write access in the _system database of the destination ArangoDB cluster.

Specifying this setting and spec.destination.keyfileSecretName at the same time is not allowed.

spec.destination.tls.caSecretName: string

This setting specifies the name of a Secret containing a TLS CA certificate ca.crt used to verify the TLS connection created by the SyncMaster at the specified destination.

This setting is required, unless spec.destination.deploymentName has been set.

Authentication details

The authentication settings in a ArangoDeploymentReplication resource are used for two distinct purposes.

The first use is the authentication of the syncmasters at the destination with the syncmasters at the source. This is always done using a client authentication certificate which is found in a tls.keyfile field in a secret identified by spec.source.auth.keyfileSecretName.

The second use is the authentication of the ArangoDB Replication operator with the syncmasters at the source or destination. These connections are made to configure synchronization, stop configuration and fetch the status of the configuration. The method used for this authentication is derived as follows (where X is either source or destination):

  • If spec.X.userSecretName is set, the username + password found in the Secret identified by this name is used.
  • If spec.X.keyfileSecretName is set, the client authentication certificate (keyfile) found in the Secret identifier by this name is used.
  • If spec.X.deploymentName is set, the JWT secret found in the deployment is used.

Creating client authentication certificate keyfiles

The client authentication certificates needed for the Secrets identified by spec.source.auth.keyfileSecretName & spec.destination.auth.keyfileSecretName are normal ArangoDB keyfiles that can be created by the arangosync create client-auth keyfile command. In order to do so, you must have access to the client authentication CA of the source/destination.

If the client authentication CA at the source/destination also contains a private key (ca.key), the ArangoDeployment operator can be used to create such a keyfile for you, without the need to have arangosync installed locally. Read the following paragraphs for instructions on how to do that.

Creating and using access packages

An access package is a YAML file that contains:

  • A client authentication certificate, wrapped in a Secret in a tls.keyfile data field.
  • A TLS certificate authority public key, wrapped in a Secret in a ca.crt data field.

The format of the access package is such that it can be inserted into a Kubernetes cluster using the standard kubectl tool.

To create an access package that can be used to authenticate with the ArangoDB SyncMasters of an ArangoDeployment, add a name of a non-existing Secret to the spec.sync.externalAccess.accessPackageSecretNames field of the ArangoDeployment. In response, a Secret is created in that Kubernetes cluster, with the given name, that contains a accessPackage.yaml data field that contains a Kubernetes resource specification that can be inserted into the other Kubernetes cluster.

The process for creating and using an access package for authentication at the source cluster is as follows:

  • Edit the ArangoDeployment resource of the source cluster, set spec.sync.externalAccess.accessPackageSecretNames to ["my-access-package"]
  • Wait for the ArangoDeployment operator to create a Secret named my-access-package.
  • Extract the access package from the Kubernetes source cluster using:
kubectl get secret my-access-package --template='{{index .data "accessPackage.yaml"}}' | base64 -D > accessPackage.yaml
  • Insert the secrets found in the access package in the Kubernetes destination cluster using:
kubectl apply -f accessPackage.yaml

As a result, the destination Kubernetes cluster will have 2 additional Secrets. One contains a client authentication certificate formatted as a keyfile. Another contains the public key of the TLS CA certificate of the source cluster.