Incompatible changes in ArangoDB 3.7

It is recommended to check the following list of incompatible changes before upgrading to ArangoDB 3.7, and adjust any client programs if necessary.

The following incompatible changes have been made in ArangoDB 3.7:

MMFiles storage engine

This version of ArangoDB does not contain the MMFiles storage engine anymore. In ArangoDB 3.7, the only available storage engine is the RocksDB storage engine, which is the default storage engine in ArangoDB since version 3.4. The MMFiles storage engine had been deprecated since the release of ArangoDB 3.6.

Any deployments that use the MMFiles storage engine will need to migrate to the RocksDB storage engine using ArangoDB 3.6 (or earlier versions) in order to upgrade to ArangoDB 3.7.

All storage engine selection functionality has also been removed from the ArangoDB package installers. The RocksDB storage engine will be selected automatically for any new deployments created with ArangoDB 3.7.

A side effect of this change is that any MMFiles-specific startup options lose their functionality in 3.7. This affects all startup options starting with --wal., which could be used in earlier versions of ArangoDB to configure the write-ahead log of the MMFiles storage engine. Another option that is now non-functional is the MMFiles-specific --database.journal-size startup option, which previously controlled the size of journal files for the MMFiles engine. Using these options in ArangoDB 3.7 is not an error, meaning that the server can still be started if any of these options are specified. Nevertheless using these options does not have any effect.

ArangoSearch

The stemming library Snowball was updated, bringing a breaking change to Analyzers:

There is a 33rd letter in the Russian alphabet, ё (e"), but it is rarely used and often replaced by е in informal writing. The original algorithm assumed it had already been mapped to е (e), but now it actively translates this character if the locale is set to Russian language.

AQL

The memory usage reported by AQL queries may now be slightly higher in 3.7 than in previous versions of ArangoDB. This is not due to queries using more memory in 3.7, but due to a change in the memory accounting code, which is slightly more accurate now.

For cluster AQL queries the memory usage now is now tracked on a per-server basis and not on a per-shard basis as in previous versions of ArangoDB. These changes can affect queries that set a memory limit via the query options or are employing a global limit via the --query.memory-limit option. It may be required to raise the configured memory limit value in either client applications or the ArangoDB configuration to take these changes into account.

The number of HTTP requests reported for cluster AQL queries now also includes the requests for deploying the queries to the database servers. These requests weren’t tracked in previous versions of ArangoDB.

UTF-8 validation

The ArangoDB server will now perform more strict UTF-8 string validation for incoming JSON and VelocyPack data. Attribute names or string attribute values with incorrectly encoded UTF-8 sequences will be rejected by default, and incoming requests containing such invalid data will be responded to with errors by default.

In case an ArangoDB deployment already contains UTF-8 data from previous versions, this will be a breaking change. For this case, there is the startup option --server.validate-utf8-strings which can be set to false in order to ensure operability until any invalid UTF-8 string data has been fixed.

Requests statistics

Previous versions of ArangoDB excluded all requests made to the web interface at /_admin/aardvark from the requests statistics if the request was made for the _system database. Requests for all other endpoints or requests to the same endpoint for any non-system database were already counted. ArangoDB 3.7 now treats all incoming requests to the web interface in the same way as requests to other endpoints, so the request counters may show higher values in 3.7 than before in case the web interface was used a lot on the _system database.

This change in behavior was also backported to ArangoDB v3.6.5.

Client tools

arangodump and arangorestore will now fail when using the --collection option and none of the specified collections actually exist in the database (on dump) or in the dump to restore (on restore). In case only some of the specified collections exist, arangodump / arangorestore will issue warnings about the invalid collections, but will continue to work for the valid collections.

Metrics

The following existing metrics for monitoring that are exposed via the HTTP REST endpoint /_admin/metrics have been renamed in ArangoDB 3.7:

  • agency_agent_read_no_leader
  • agency_agent_read_ok
  • agency_agent_write_hist
  • agency_agent_write_no_leader
  • agency_agent_write_ok

The new names are:

  • arangodb_agency_agent_read_no_leader
  • arangodb_agency_agent_read_ok
  • arangodb_agency_agent_write_hist
  • arangodb_agency_agent_write_no_leader
  • arangodb_agency_agent_write_ok

This change was made to put the metrics into the “arangodb” namespace, so that metrics from different systems can unambiguously combined into a single monitoring system.

HTTP RESTful API

Privilege changes

The access privileges for the REST API endpoint at /_admin/cluster/numberOfServers can now be controlled via the --server.harden startup option. The behavior is as follows:

  • for HTTP GET requests, all authenticated users can access the API if --server.harden is false (which is the default).
  • for HTTP GET requests, only admin users can access the API if --server.harden is true. This is a change compared to previous versions.
  • for HTTP PUT requests, only admin users can access the API, regardless of the value of --server.harden.

Endpoints moved

The following existing REST APIs have moved in ArangoDB 3.7 to improve API naming consistency:

  • the endpoint at /_admin/clusterNodeVersion is now merely redirecting requests to the /_admin/cluster/nodeVersion endpoint. The new endpoint will handle incoming requests in the same way the old endpoint did.
  • the endpoint at /_admin/clusterNodeEngine is now merely redirecting requests to the endpoint /_admin/cluster/nodeEngine. The new endpoint will handle incoming requests in the same way the old endpoint did.
  • the endpoint at /_admin/clusterNodeStats is now merely redirecting requests to the endpoint /_admin/cluster/nodeStatistics. The new endpoint will handle incoming requests in the same way the old endpoint did.
  • the endpoint at /_admin/clusterStatistics is now merely redirecting requests to the endpoint /_admin/cluster/statistics. The new endpoint will handle incoming requests in the same way the old endpoint did.

The above endpoints are part of ArangoDB’s exposed REST API, however, they are not supposed to be called directly by drivers or client

Endpoints removed

The REST API endpoint at /_admin/aql/reload has been removed in ArangoDB 3.7. There is no necessity to call this endpoint from a driver or a client application directly.

The REST API endpoint at /_api/collection/<collection>/rotate has been removed in ArangoDB 3.7. This endpoint was previously only available for the MMFiles storage engine, but not for the RocksDB storage engine.

JavaScript API

The rotate function has been removed on the ArangoCollection object. This means the following JavaScript code will not work in ArangoDB 3.7, neither in the ArangoShell nor in arangod (when using Foxx):

db.<collection>.rotate();

The rotate function was previously only supported for the MMFiles storage engine, but not for the RocksDB storage engine.

DC2DC

The replication in DC2DC deployments relies on a message queue and ArangoSync supported two different message queue systems up to and including version 0.7.2. Support for Kafka is dropped in ArangoSync v1.0.0 and the built-in DirectMQ remains as sole message queue system.

If you rely on Kafka, then you must use an ArangoSync 0.x version. ArangoDB v3.7 ships with ArangoSync 1.x, so be sure to keep the old binary or download a compatible version for your deployment. ArangoSync 1.x is otherwise compatible with ArangoDB v3.3 and above.

Startup options

The default values for the startup options --rocksdb.block-cache-size and --rocksdb.total-write-buffer-size have been decreased for systems with less than 4GiB of RAM. The intention is to make arangod use less memory on very small systems.

For systems with less than 4GiB of RAM, the default values for --rocksdb.block-cache-size are now:

  • 512MiB for systems with between 2 and 4GiB of RAM.
  • 256MiB for systems with between 1 and 2GiB of RAM.
  • 128MiB for systems with less than 1GiB of RAM.

For systems with less than 4GiB of RAM, the default values for --rocksdb.total-write-buffer-size are now:

  • 512MiB for systems with between 1 and 4GiB of RAM.
  • 256MiB for systems with less than 1GiB of RAM.